Nutritionist Seema Singh

The Connection between Fertility and A Healthy Diet

A healthy body and reproductive system require proper nourishment. In fact, studies have shown that consuming a healthy diet and adopting a good lifestyle will help enhance fertility and prepare your body for conception. What’s more, how you choose to live and eat now will affect sperm and egg quality 90 days from now.

If you’re trying to conceive, it’s critical that you start making good eating and lifestyle choices right away.

Good eating habits are critical for the physical and emotional health of people. If you want to start a family, you’ll need to adjust your lifestyle and food. Fertility and ovulation function will both be improved as a result of this.

There is a link between diet and conceiving. Diet, weight, smoking, and alcohol use can all affect fertility and cause hormonal imbalances. As a result, it is critical to change your dietary habits. This is especially crucial if you’re planning a pregnancy and want to boost your fertility. It’s critical to maintain a healthy weight and eat meals that are both safe and beneficial to your infant. Folic acid, iron, protein, and other essential nutrients must all be included.

Before you Conceive, here are some healthier weight gain tips:
Follow a healthy balanced diet drawn from the 5 food groups: vegetables and legumes; fruits; wholegrain bread and cereals; milk, yogurt, cheese and alternatives; lean meat, poultry, fish, eggs, seeds, and nuts.

Reduce your intake of discretionary foods (chips, biscuits, fatty meats, pastries, cakes, fast meals, and confectionery) and eat them in moderation.

Limit unhealthy snacking and have regular meals.
Substitute water for sugary drinks and alcohol.
At lunch and supper, make half of your plate veggies.
Reduce your serving sizes by using a smaller plate.
Every day, get up and move. Regular physical exercise, such as walking to the store, using the stairs, and strolling with a buddy, should be included.
Spend less time sitting by getting up from your computer or mobile device on a regular basis and substituting other activities for screen time.
If required then lose some weight. It might assist you in feeling more energized and active. Aiming for a half- to one-kilogram weight loss per week until you reach your target weight is a good goal to set.
Start a healthy eating and exercise plan together with your partner to increase the chance of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby.
Female fertility and dietary component


Fats are an important dietary component that affects fertility. Changes in reproductive functions, such as menstrual cycle duration, reproductive hormone concentrations [e.g., Luteinizing Hormone (LH)], and embryo quality in ART cycles, have been linked to a high-fat diet.


Protein is the next component of a fertility diet. Animal protein consumption has been linked to an increased risk of infertility owing to ovulation failure. As a result, plant protein consumption boosts fertility in women over the age of 32. The discrepancy might be due to the fact that plant and animal protein have different effects on insulin and IGF- I production. When you eat plant protein, your insulin response is lower than when you eat animal protein.


Insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism have an impact on ovulation and female fertility. When it comes to carbohydrates, the glycemic index and load are particularly essential. High-glycemic-index foods may promote insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and oxidative stress, all of which can harm fertility and ovarian function.


Mineral concentration is critical for a variety of physiological processes, including oocyte quality maintenance and embryo fertilization, development, and implantation. Mineral deficiency can interfere with fertility, thus women should pay attention to their mineral consumption and supplement any components that may be lacking.


According to current research, oxidative stress, defined as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants that cause cell damage, is a key factor in the development of infertility.

Dietary habits and female fertility

Many experts are still looking into the impact of nutrition on fertility. Despite the fact that there is a link between food and fertility, many issues remain unsolved. Individual diets, which take into account various co morbidities and lifestyles, are extremely important. In this section, we compared two alternative dietary methods that influence female and male fertility in various ways. There are no defined standards for supplements to help women become more fertile. Except for vitamin D and folic acid, which should be supplemented, a well-balanced diet should include all minerals and vitamins. It can also be difficult to get enough iodine from the food, especially on low-sodium diets and elimination diets. Additionally, according to Nutritionist Seema Singh, folic acid should be consumed by women during their per-pregnancy phase. Serum concentrations of minerals and vitamins should be examined, particularly in women deemed to be at risk, and supplementation should be administered if deficits are found.

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